Ways of Seeing – John Berger

”Men look at women. Women watch themselves being looked at.”

Page 46 – A woman must constantly watch herself. She is almost continually accompanied by her own image of herself. Whilst she is walking across a room or whilst she is weeping at the death of her fathers, she can scarcely avoid envisaging herself walking or weeping. from earliest childhood she has been taught and persuaded to survey herself continually. And so she comes to consider the surveyor and the surveyed within her as the two constituent yet always distinct elements of her identity as a woman. She has to Survey everything she is and everything she does because how she appears to men, is of crucial importance for what is normally thought of as the success of her life.


On display

Awareness of being viewed as an act of subservience in the christian tradition

To not be seen as one’s self but as an object

Sexually introducing more than a naturalistic approach


To be one’s self

To be in a process of becoming

Berger’s conclusion to the Naked and the Nude


What we see and how we see it depends on our sociolization

What we are socialized to see depends on who is in power

Berger’s conclusion in chapter 3 encourages such unacceptable of the nude due to the ‘Male Gaze’ He says

But the essential way of seeing women, the essential use to which their images are put, has not changed. Women are depicted in a quite different way from men-not because the feminine is different from the masculine–because the idea spectator is always assumed to be male…”

However such gazes are more or less of less importance in regards to the male gaze especially as now within today’s society there are  more gazes  to be considered for example the lesbian or homosexual gaze or the female gaze.

Therefor such introduction to the gaze as well as the naked or the nude the importance of acceptance within the art world is important however should I encourage such boundaries and careful planning in my work. The main worry for me is that the use of the nude within the image needs to be articulated well in order to encourage less negativity and more or less portray such vulnerability.






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